IPC J-STD-001 Training and certification
The IPC J-STD-001 certification is based on the document of the same name, it is a very important training and a very important document because this document discusses the production- , assembly- and soldering process. It is the document relating to soldering on electronics and electrical circuits. In this document you will find which materials may be used in the production of electronic products but also tools that must be used.
Furthermore, the environment where soldering is performed, the automated soldering processes, in particular wave soldering and reflow soldering, is discussed. In addition, there are a number of tolerances in the document with regard to what the solder connections should look like and what is and what is not allowed. There is a chapter dedicated to cleaning as well as a cleanliness test and there are a number of tolerances with regard to the printed circuit boards. This document is an important document because the common thread is process control. This training explains how this should work within the electronics assembly.
The IPC J-STD-001 Training and certification is suitable for the following target group:
This training is especially important for people who are responsible for the production processes within the electronics assembly, people who make decisions about which materials are used, the tools that are used, processes that must be set up, how solder processes work and the required documentation.
Furthermore, this document is important and interesting for everyone who inspects, because inspection of the assembled electronics is part of this training. These are the most important target groups for this training.
The IPC J-STD-001 Training and certification is interesting for employees of different companies.
In principle, this training is suitable for all companies that assemble electronics, regardless of what type of electronics because it describes the various processes and also the materials, tools and the environment where production should take place. So ultimately every electronics producing company and its employees benefit from this training.
In general, you see that this training in particular, is followed by companies working in the military segment, aviation and space travel, and companies that produce electronics for these types of customers. Ultimately, this training is suitable for many more other segments.
PIEK: Your knowledge provider for the electronics industry
Application of the IPC J-STD-001 Training and certification within companies.
During this training you particularly learn about the production processes and the importance of process control within those production processes. You learn which materials you can or cannot use for certain products, the tools that are used, but also the cleanliness tests that must be done.
You also learn what the tolerances are for the electronic products with regard to solder connections. You also have to make it solder connections yourself and inspect these connections learned in practice. There is a practical element of this training.
The added value of IPC J-STD-001 Training and certification.
The added value of this training and certification is the accuracy with regard to setting up the automated soldering processes and possibly the manual soldering processes within a company. The document deals in particular with specific matters within those soldering processes, such as materials and tools that must be used.
But also the documentation that is required in these processes within the framework of a process control system. In addition, people have learned how to inspect solder connections and what the requirements are for these connections and have had to make a number of connections themselves and thereafter they have to inspect their own work. This is the added value of this training.
For companies working within the aerospace industry there is another course available called IPC J-STD-001 Space Addon Training and certification.
Validity of the IPC J-STD-001 certification
If you have not previously been certified for the IPC J-STD-001 or your certificate has expired, you will need the initial IPC J-STD-001 certification.
This has a validity of 2 years. You must recertify within 6 months before the certificate expires. You have the following options for recertification:
- IPC J-STD-001 Recertification: full training for recertification
- IPC J-STD-001 Challenge Test: only the exam
- IPC J-STD-001 Refreshment of the Standard + Challenge Test
Variant of the IPC J-STD-001 certification
IPC J-STD-001 CIS (Certified IPC Specialist)
This IPC J-STD-001 Certified IPC Specialist (CIS) variant is intended for operators
IPC J-STD-001 CIT (Certified IPC Trainer)
This IPC J-STD-001 Certified IPC Trainer (CIT) variant is intended for anyone who wants to train operators to CIS themselves
IPC J-STD-001 CSE (Certified Standards Expert)
This IPC J-STD-001 Certified Standard Expert (CSE) variant is intended for anyone who wants to become an expert in the field of the relevant standard. These experts are often used by companies as coordinators to correctly apply the standard within the company.
Upcoming regional IPC J-STD-001 training courses
|13 June 2023||IPC J-STD-001 + SPACE||German||Weingarten||Quote Request|
|27 June 2023||IPC J-STD-001 + SPACE||English||Heerlen||Quote Request|
|12 December 2023||IPC J-STD-001 + SPACE||German||Weingarten||Quote Request|
|12 December 2023||IPC J-STD-001 + SPACE||English||Heerlen||Quote Request|
Frequently Asked Questions
The wire diameter is the total/overall diameter of the wire (including insulation). This is also called the outside diameter. This is described in the IPC-A-610, J-STD-001 and IPC/WHMA-A-620 standard.
The IPC-A-610 is a standard for the final inspection of assembled electronics products, a kind of photo album with which you can evaluate complete assembled printed circuit boards. You will see the text next to the picture in the book whether this is target, acceptable, a process indicator or a defect. But…. “Why is this happening?” that will be discussed in the J-STD-001 training program. This standard describes the underlying (background) information about the production process in the assembly department. When the humidity gets too high you will have problems with voids (pin holes/blow holes) in the solder joint, if the humidity gets too low you will have problems with ESD etc. This and many more aspects are covered in the J-STD-001 training. A J-STD-001 training also involves soldering practice (practical skills), while this is not the case with an IPC-A-610 training (only theory).
The assembled printed circuit board must be inspected by either sample inspection according to an established process control plan or by 100% visual inspection. How this works is stated in the J-STD-001 standard.
This is stated in a table in the J-STD-001 and in the IPC-6012 standard.
IPC has 3 product classes: class 1 (consumer electronics), class 2 (industrial electronics) and class 3 (high reliability electronics). The customer may determine the product class in which the product must be produced. It is important that the inspector knows according to which product class of IPC he must inspect, because otherwise too many products will be unnecessarily rejected!
This is described in the J-STD-001. The contamination that remains after soldering is mainly flux residue, but dust and other particles (hair, tin splashes, solder balls, finger spots, etc.) can also remain on the PCB. Is this allowed and how much FOD may be left behind? This depends on the product class. With class 1 products, no more than XXX µg / cm2 flux residues may remain, whereas for classes 2 and 3 this is considerably lower. How can you measure/test this? This is also described in the J-STD-001.
The theoretic part can be followed online. However, the practical modules must be observed “live” and assessed by a certified IPC trainer (MIT or CIT). So that is unfortunately not possible online (by webcam).
This is stated in both the IPC-A-610 and the J-STD-001. IPC prescribes that the inspection magnification for cleanliness can take place without magnification (with bare eyes). However, “high density boards” (printed circuit boards on which the components are placed very close next to each other) and with fine-pitch components (SMD components where the leads are very close together), magnification may be necessary. In the tables in the standards you will find exactly which inspection magnification and referee magnification factor is required.
In the J-STD-001 training a lot of theoretical background is discussed about the production process and also practical hand soldering is a part of the training program (but only soldering!).
In the IPC-7711/7721 training, more attention is paid to practice (maintenance of the equipment), how can you desolder (remove) a component without damaging the component and / or the printed circuit board, how to solder components (different methods with different tools/equipment), how to create a modification (jumper wire) between two components, and last but not least if something is damaged…… how can you repair it?
This again depends on the product class. For class 1 and 2 products it is recommended to train the production personnel in the assembly department. In class 3 it is mandatory to follow a soldering training before you are allowed to work on these products.
Especially when rework with a hot air gun you often see small spots on the PCB surface. Is this allowed? This and more PCB surface damage (such as delamination, blisters, also on flexible printed circuit boards, etc.) are described in the IPC-A-610 and in the J-STD-001 standard.
Yes. This is explained in the IPC-6012 training and also in the IPC-A-600, IPC-A-610 and J-STD-001 training program.
AABUS is the abbreviation of “As Agreed Between User and Supplier”. This abbreviation often occurs in an IPC standard.
No, process control is only mandatory for high reliability products (class 3). For class 2 it is recommended but not mandatory. For class 1 (consumer electronics) it is not mandatory, here the end product “only has to work / function”. For further information: see J-STD-001 standard.
The J-STD-001 training is both a theory and a practical training. The standard is discussed in the theory module. In the practical part, the participants learn how to solder wires to different types of terminals, how to solder THT components and how to solder SMD components. Each participant has his own soldering station with the corresponding soldering tips and magnification aids (loupe / microscope) available.
Yes, inside the cup the gold must be removed, otherwise the gold in the cup will dissolve in the solder joint and the solder joint will become more brittle. How to remove the gold is shown in the J-STD-001 training.
You should never use/assemble damaged components. But if components are assembled undamaged and then machine soldered and they come out of the wave soldering machine / reflow oven with a small damage, then it is good to know what is maximum permissible. This can be found in IPC-A-610 and in J-STD-001 standard.
Flux residues and other contamination can cause a short circuit due to moisture. The technical terms are: dendritic growth, electromigration, creep current etc.
In addition, the conformal coating (the protective varnish) will not or will not adhere well to a contaminated PCB surface. The best way to clean and by which method? This is discussed in the J-STD-001 training.
Yes that is allowed. It’s almost impossible that this will not happen. Due to the heat from the soldering iron, the insulation always melts slightly backwards …..unless you use a heat shunt (heat sink) or a heat-resistant insulation (such as Kapton/Teflon). The insulation may melt but not burn / char. For detailed pictures see IPC-A-610 or the IPC/WHMA-A-620 standard.
IPC indicates that the minimum lighting in the workplace should be about 1000 lm / m2 in order to be able to work (solder) and inspect properly. The colour temperature is also indicated. For further information see the IPC-A-610, J-STD-001 and IPC/WHMA-A-620 standard.
This depends on the product class. Class 1 products may be repaired at any time. Class 2 also, unless the customer announces this (in advance) in the contract. With class 3 you are not allowed to repair anything without permission / consultation with / approval from the customer.
Yes, IPC has made a product classification in every standard, including the J-STD-001.
This product classification is as follows:
- IPC J-STD-001 Class 1 – General electronic products (e.g. consumer electronics, these are products where the main requirement is the function of the final product)
- IPC J-STD-001 Class 2 – Dedicated service electronics (e.g. industrial machines, test equipment, etc. these are products that have to work longer, if they fail, a lot of money will be lost)
- IPC J-STD-001 Class 3 – High reliability electronics (e.g. aircraft, military products and life-supporting medical equipment, these products may not fail otherwise it is life-threatening).